In rural areas, OpASHA uses mobile DOTS, where a provider travels from village to village on a motorcycle/scooter, carrying with him strips of anti-TB drugs and other supplies. The provider gives the medicine to each patient at her house or a mutually convenient place, and observes them swallow the dose. Fifteen percent of centers in India and all centers in Cambodia, except one, follow this pattern.
Every day, the provider spends substantial time in one village looking for suspects. The provider also collects sputum samples from each of the suspects and carries it to a pre-assigned location, where a person, again on a motorcycle, is waiting to take sputum samples to the government lab.
Mobile provider in rural areas does the work that is carried out by provider + community partner in urban slums.